1.) Amber is a fossil.
Amber is tree sap that has been preserved in sediment. Sometimes the sap surrounded insects and plant remains; rarely reptiles and amphibians have been preserved inside. Fossilized sap that is less than a million years old is called Copal. It is not as hard as amber. Amber has not been found in Indiana or Kentucky.
Amber with a fly, other insects and debris
Photograph from Dr. Jack Hankla’s “More than Dinosaurs” exhibit
at the Falls of the Ohio State Park Interpretive Center in 2004.
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Created January 25, 2011